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Publications 2020

2020 / accepted
Buchholz, S., Gathof, A.K., Grossmann, A.J., Kowarik, I., Fischer, L.K. (2020). Wild bees in urban grasslands: Urbanisation, functional diversity and species traits. Landscape and Urban Planning  196, 103731, 1-10.
Fischer, L.K. & Kowarik, I. (2020). Connecting people to biodiversity in cities of tomorrow: Is urban foraging a powerful tool?. Ecological Indicators, 112, 106087
Fischer, L.K. & Kowarik, I. (2020). Dog walkers’ views of urban biodiversity across five European cities. Sustainability 12(9), 3507
Fischer, L. K., Neuenkamp, L., Lampinen, J., Toumi, M., Alday, J. G., Bucharova, A. et al. (2020). Public attitudes towards biodiversity-friendly greenspace management in Europe. Conservation Letters.
Heger, T., Bernard-Verdier, M., Gessler, A., Greenwood, A. D., Grossart, H. P., Hilker, M., Keinath, S., Kowarik, I. et al. (2020). Clear Language for Ecosystem Management in the Anthropocene: A Reply to Bridgewater and Hemming.BioScience.
Kowarik, I., Fischer. L.K. (2020).  Alien plants in cities: human-driven patterns, risks and benefits. In: Handbook of Urban Ecology, Routledge (in print).
Kowarik, I. (2020). Herbert Sukopp–an inspiring pioneer in the field of urban ecology. Urban Ecosystems, 23, 445–455.
Pergl, J., Pyšek, P., Essl, F., Jeschke, J.M., Courchamp, F., Geist, J., Hejda, M., Kowarik, I., Mill, A:, Musseau, C., Pipek, P., Saul, W.C. von Schmalensee, M., Strayer, D. (2020).  Need for routine tracking of biological invasions.Conservation Biology (doi: 10.1111/cobi.13445).
Planchuelo, G. Kowarik, I., von der Lippe, M. (2020). Plant traits, biotopes and urbanization dynamics explain the survival of endangered urban plant populations. Journal of Applied Ecology
Planchuelo, G., Kowarik, I., & von der Lippe, M. (2020). Endangered plants in novel urban ecosystems are filtered by strategy type and dispersal syndrome, not by spatial dependence on natural remnants. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8, 18.
Schittko, C., Bernard-Verdier, M., Heger, T., Buchholz, S., Kowarik, I., von der Lippe, Seitz, B., Joshi, J., Jeschke, J.M. (2020) A multidimensional framework for measuring biotic novelty: How novel is a community? Global Change Biology
Straka TM, Lentnini PE, Lumsden LF, Buchholz S, Wintle BA & van der Ree R (2020) Clean, green urban wetlands benefit nocturnal flying insects and associated insectivorous bat predatorsSustainability 2020, 12(7), 2634.
von der Lippe, M., Buchholz, S., Hiller, A., Seitz, B., & Kowarik, I. (2020). CityScapeLab Berlin: A Research Platform for Untangling Urbanization Effects on Biodiversity. Sustainability, 12(6), 2565.
2019 / accepted
Bartz, R. & Kowarik, I. (2019): Assessing the environmental impacts of invasive alien plants: a review of assessment approaches. – NeoBiota 43: 69-99.
Buchholz, S. & Kowarik, I. (2019): Urbanisation modulates plant-pollinator interactions in invasive vs. native plant species. Scientific Research 9:6354
Elands, B. H. M., Vierikko, K., Andersson, E., Fischer, L.K., Gonçalves, P., Haase, D., Kowarik, I, Luz, A.C., Niemela, J., Santos-Reis, M., Wiersum, K. F. (2019). Biocultural diversity: a novel concept to assess human-nature interrelations, nature conservation and stewardship in cities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 40: 29-34.
Fischer, L.K., Brinkmeyer, D., Karle, S.J., Cremer, K., Huttner, E., Seebauer, M., Nowikow, U., Schütze, B., Voigt, P., Völker, S:, Kowarik, I. (2019): Biodiverse edible schools: Linking healthy food, school gardens and local urban biodiversity. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 40: 35-43.
Gopal, D., von der Lippe, M., & Kowarik, I. (2019). Sacred sites, biodiversity and urbanization in an Indian megacity. Urban Ecosystems 22: 161-172.
Heger, T., Bernard-Verdier, M., Gessler, A., Greenwood, A. D., Grossart, H.P., Hilker, M., Keinath, S., Kowarik, I., Marquard, E., Müller, J., Niemeyer, S., Onandia, G., Petermann, J.S., Rillig, M. C., Rödel, M.O., Saul, W.C., Schittko, C., Trockner, K., Joshi, J., Jeschke, J. M. (2019). Towards an integrative, eco-evolutionary understanding of ecological novelty: studying and communicating interlinked effects of global change. BioScience 69, 888-899.
Jarić, I., Heger, T., Castro Monzon, F., Jeschke, J.M., Kowarik, I., McConkey, K.R., Pyšek, P., Sagouis, A., Essl, F. (2019). Cryptic functional dynamics in biological invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 34: 291-302.
Kowarik, I. (2019). The “Green Belt Berlin”: establishing a greenway where the Berlin Wall once stood by integrating ecological, social and cultural approaches. Landscape and Urban Planning 184: 12-22.
Kowarik, I., Hiller, A., Planchuelo, G., Seitz, B., von der Lippe, M., Buchholz S. (2019).  www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/22/6318Emerging urban forests: opportunities for promoting the wild side of the urban green infrastructure. Sustainability 11, 6318.
Lemke, A., Kowarik, I, von der Lippe, M. (2019). Traffic facilitates population expansion of invasive Ambrosia  artemisiifolia along roads. Journal of Applied Ecology 56: 413-422.
Nawrath, M., Kowarik, I., & Fischer, L. K. (2019). The influence of green streets on cycling behavior in European cities. Landscape and Urban Planning, 190, 103598.
Onandia, G., Schittko, C., Ryo, M., Bernard-Verdier, M., Heger, T., Joshi, J., Kowarik, I., Gessler, A., (2019) Ecosystem functioning in urban grasslands: the role of biodiversity, plant invasions and urbanization. PloS ONE, 14(11), e0225438-e0225438.
Pauleit, S.,  Ambrose-Oji, B., Andersson, E., Anton, B., Buijs, A., Haase, D., Elands, B., Hansen, R., Kowarik, I., Kronenberg, J., Mattijsen, T., Stahl Olafsson, A., Rall, E., van der Jagt, A.P.N., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2019). Advancing urban green infrastructure in Europe: Outcomes and reflections from the GREEN SURGE project. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 40: 4-16.

Pauleit, S.,  Ambrose-Oji, B., Andersson, E., Anton, B., Buijs, A., Haase, D., Elands, B., Hansen, R., Kowarik, I., Kronenberg, J., Mattijsen, T., Stahl Olafsson, A., Rall, E., van der Jagt, A.P.N. (eds., 2019). Urban green infrastructure – connecting people and nature for sustainable cities. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 40: 1-344.
Pauleit, S., Andersson, E., Anton, B., Buijs, A., Haase, D., Hansen, R., Kowarik, I., Stahl Olafsson, A., Van der Jagt, S. (2019). Editorial: Urban Green Infrastructure–Connecting People and Nature for Sustainable Cities. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 40: 1-3.
Planchuelo, G., von der Lippe, M., Kowarik, I. (2019). Untangling the role of urban ecosystems as habitats for endangered plant species. Landscape and Urban Planning 189: 320-334.
Rieger, I., Kowarik, I., Ziche, D:, Wellbrock, N., Cierjacks, A. (2019). www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/10/12/1156Linkages between phosphorus and plant diversity in central European forest ecosystems. Complementarity or competition? Forests 10, 1156.
Schulz, C., Guschal, M., Kowarik, I., Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Sampaio, E.V.S.P., Cierjacks, A. (2019): Intense grazing reduces plant species diversity of Caatinga dry forests in north-eastern Brazil. Applied Vegetation Science 22: 348-359.
Straka TM, Wolf M, Gras P, Buchholz S & Voigt CC (2019) Tree cover mediates the effect of ALAN on urban bats. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00091
2018 / accepted
Buchholz S., Hannig K., Möller M. & Schirmel J. (2018). Reducing management intensity and isolation as promising tools to enhance ground-dwelling arthropod diversity in urban grasslands. Urban Ecosystems 21: 1139–1149.
Buchholz S. & Möller M. (2018). Assessing spider diversity in grasslands – does pitfall trap color matter? Journal of Arachnology 46: 376-379.
Essl, F., Bacher, S., Genovesi, P., Hulme, P.E., Jeschke, J.M., Katsanevakis, S., Kowarik, I., Kühn, I., Pyšek, P., Rabitsch, W., Schindler, S., van Kleunen, M., Vilà, M., Wilson, J.R.U., Richardson, D.M. (2018). Which taxa are alien? Criteria, applications, and uncertainties. BioScience 68:496-509.
Fischer, L.K., Honold, J., Botzat, A., Brinkmeyer, D., Cvejić, R., Delshammar, T., Elands, B., Haase, D., Karle, S.J., Kabisch, N., Lafortezza, R., Nastran, M., Nielsen, A.B., van der Jagt, A.P., Vierikko, K., Kowarik, I. (2018) Recreational ecosystem services in European cities: sociocultural and geographic context matters for park use. Ecosystem Services 31: 455-467.
Fischer, L.K., Honold, J., Cvejić, R., Delshammar, T., Hilbert, S., Lafortezza, R., Nastran, M., Nielsen, A.B., Pintar, M., van der Jagt, A., Kowarik, I. (2018):  Beyond green: broad support for biodiversity in multicultural European cities. Global Environmental Change 49: 35-45.
Fischer, L.K., Kowarik, I. (2018). How people value biodiversity in urban landscapes: Assessing the people-nature intersection in cities. In: Mueller, L. & Sychev, V. (eds.): Novel Methods and Results of Landscape Research in Europe, Central Asia and Siberia, pp. 66-69.
Gopal, D., von der Lippe, M., Kowarik, I. (2018). Sacred sites as habitats of culturally important plant species in an Indian megacity. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 32: 113-122.
Hansjürgens B., Brenck M., Bartz R., Kowarik I. (2018) The TEEB Approach. Towards Sustainable Urban Transformations: Demonstrating and Capturing Ecosystem Service Values. In: Kabisch S. et al. (eds) Urban Transformations. Future City, vol 10. Springer, Cham, pp. 117-132.
Kowarik, I. (2018): Urban wilderness: supply, demand, and access. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 29: 336-347.

Kowarik, I., von der Lippe, M. (2018):  Understanding plant species success across urban ecosystems – a framework to inform urban biodiversity conservation. Journal of Applied Ecology 55: 2354-2361.
Landor-Yamagata, J., Kowarik, I., Fischer, L.K. (2018) Urban Foraging in Berlin: People, Plants and Practices within the Metropolitan Green Infrastructure. Sustainability 10, 1873.
McKinney, M., Kowarik, I., Kendal, D. (2018). The contribution of wild urban ecosystems to liveable cities. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 29 doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2017.09.004
Schulz, C., Guschal, M., Kowarik, I., Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Sampaio, E.V.S.P., Cierjacks, A. (2018): Grazing, forest structure, and carbon storage: towards a more sustainable land use in Caatinga dry forests of Brazil. Regional Environmental Change 18: 1969-1981.
Thiele J., Schirmel J. & Buchholz S. (2018). Effectiveness of corridors varies among phytosociological plant groups and dispersal syndromes. PLoS ONE 13(7): e0199980. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0199980.
Thiele J., Kellner S., Buchholz S. & Schirmel J. (2018) Connectivity or area – what drives plant species richness in habitat corridors? Landscape Ecology 33: 173-181.
Thiele J., Buchholz S. & Schirmel J. (2018) Using resistance distance from circuit theory to model dispersal through habitat corridors. Journal of Plant Ecology 11: 385-393.
2017 / accepted
Hand, R., Grossmann, A., Lauterbach, D., (accepted): Endemics and 
their common congener plant species on an East Mediterranean island: a  comparative functional trait approach. Plant Ecology (accepted).

Kowarik, I., Bartz, R., Brenk, M., Hansjürgens,B. (2017): Ecosystem services in the city. Protecting health and enhancing quality of life. Summary for decision-makers. Technische Universität Berlin, Umweltforschungszentrum Halle-Leipzig, 76 pp..
Kühn, I., Kowarik, I., Pyšek, P. (2017): Seven years of NeoBiota – the times, were they a changin’? NeoBiota 36: 57-69.
Palliwoda, J., Kowarik, I., von der Lippe, M. (2016): Human-biodiversity interactions in urban parks: The species level matters. Landscape and Urban Planning. Landscape and Urban Plannung 157: 394–406.
Rieger, I., Kowarik, I., Cherubini, P., Cierjacks, A. (2017): A novel dendrochronological approach reveals drivers of carbon sequestration in tree species of riparian forests across spatiotemporal scales. Science of the Total Environment 574:1261-1275.
Schulz, C., Koch, R., Cierjacks, A., Kleinschmit, B. (2017): Land change and loss of landscape diversity at the Caatinga biome - Analysis of pattern-process relationships with MODIS land cover products (2001-2012). Journal of Arid Enviroments 136:54-74.
Tischew, S., Kommraus, F., Fischer, L.K., Kowarik, I. (2017): Drastic site-preparation is key to reintroduction success of the endangered grassland species Jurinea cyanoides. Biological Conservation 214: 88-100.
Vierikko, K., Elands, B., Niemelä, J., Andersson, E., Buijs, A., Fischer, L.K., Haase, D., Kabisch, N., Kowarik, I., Luz,A.C., Olafsson Stahl, A., Száraz, L., Van der Jagt,A., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. (2016): Considering the

2016 / accepted
Botzat, A., Fischer, L.K., Kowarik, I. (2016): Unexploited opportunities in understanding liveable and biodiverse cities. A review on urban biodiversity perception and valuation. Global Environmental Change 39: 220–233.
Buchholz, S., Blick, T., Hannig, K., Kowarik, I., Lemke, A., Otte, V., Scharon, J., Schönhofer, A., Teige, T., von der Lippe, M. Seitz, B. (2016): Biological richness of a large urban cemetery in Berlin. Results of a multi-taxon approach. Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e7057. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.4.e7057.
Buchholz, S. (2016): Natural peat bog remnants promote distinct spider assemblages and habitat specific traits. Ecological Indicators 60: 774-780.
Cierjacks, A., Pommeranz, M., Schulz, K., Almeida-Cortez, J. (2016): Is crop yield related to weed species diversity and biomass in coconut and banana fields of northeastern Brazil? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 220: 175-183.
Fischer, L.K., Eichfeld, J., Kowarik, I., Buchholz, S. (2016): Disentangling urban habitat and matrix effects on wild bee species. PeerJ 4:e2729
Fischer, L., Rodorff, V., von der Lippe, M., Kowarik, I. (2016): Drivers of biodiversity patterns in parks of a growing South American megacity. Urban Ecosystems, 1-19.
Graf-Rosenfellner, M., Cierjacks, A., Kleinschmit, B., Lang, F. (2016): Soil formation and its implications for stabilization of soil organic matter in the riparian zone. CATENA 139: 9-18.
Kieck, J.S., Zug K.L.M., Huamaní Yupanqui H.A., Gómez Aliaga, R., Cierjacks, A. (2016): Plant diversity effects on crop yield, pathogen incidence, and secondary metabolism on cacao farms in Peruvian Amazonia. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 222: 223-234.
Kowarik, I. (2016): Das Konzept der potenziellen natürlichen Vegetation und seine Bedeutung für Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege. 
Natur und Landschaft 91 (9/10): 429-435.
Kowarik, I., Buchholz, S., von der Lippe, M., Seitz, B. (2016): Biodiversity functions of urban cemeteries: evidence from one of the largest Jewish cemeteries in Europe. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 19: 68-78.
Palliwoda, J., Kowarik, I., von der Lippe, M. (2016): 
Human-biodiversity interactions in urban parks: The species level 
Landscape and Urban Planning (accepted).
Rebele, F., Lehmann, C., 2016.  Twenty years of woodland establishment 
through natural succession on a sandy landfill site in Berlin, 
Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 18: 182-189.

Rieger, I., Kowarik, I., Cherubini, P., Cierjacks, A. (2016): A novel 
dendrochronological approach reveals drivers of carbon sequestration 
in tree species of riparian forests across spatiotemporal scales

Science of the Total Environment (in print).
Säumel, I., Weber, F., Kowarik, I. (2016). Towards livable and healthy urban streets: roadside vegetation provides ecosystem services where people live and move. Environmental Science and Policy 62: 24-33.
Schirmel, J., Bundschuh, M., Entling, M.H., Kowarik, I., Buchholz, S. (2016): Impacts of invasive plants on resident animals across ecosystems, taxa, and feeding types: A global assessment. Global Change Biology 22 (2): 594-603.
Schulz, K., Voigt, K., Beusch, C., Almeida-Cortez, J.S., Kowarik, I., Walz, A., Cierjacks, A. (2016): Grazing deteriorates the soil carbon stocks of Caatinga forest ecosystems in Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management 367: 62-70.
Sitzia, T., Campagnaro, T., Kowarik, I., Trentanovi, G. (2016): Using forest management to control alien invasive species: helping implemnt the new European regulation on alien invasive species. Biological Invasions, 18: 1-7.
Sjöman, H., Morgenroth, J., Deak Sjöman, J., Sæbø, A., Kowarik, I. (2016): Diversification of the urban forest. Can we afford to exclude exotic tree species? Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 18: 237–241.
Becker M & Buchholz S (2015) The sand lizard moves downtown – habitat analogues for an endangered species in a metropolitan area. Urban Ecosystems: 1-12.
Buchholz, S., Tietze, H., Kowarik, I., Schirmel, J. (2015). Effects of a major tree invader on urban woodland arthropods. PLoS ONE PLos 10 (9): e0137723.
Essl, F., Biró, K., Brandes, D., Broennimann, O., Bullock, J. M., Chapman, D. S., Chauvel, B., Dullinger, S., Fumanal, B., Guisan, A., Karrer, G., Kazinczi, G., Kueffer, C., Laitung, B., Lavoie, C., Leitner, M., Mang, T., Moser, D., Müller-Schärer, H., Petitpierre, B., Richter, R., Schaffner, U., Smith, M., Starfinger, U., Vautard, R., Vogl, G., von der Lippe, M. and Follak, S. (2015), Biological Flora of the British Isles: Ambrosia artemisiifolia. J Ecol, 103: 1069–1098.
Fartmann T, Borchard F & Buchholz S (2015) Montane heathland rejuvenation by choppering – effects on vascular plant and arthropod assemblages. Journal for Nature Conservation, 28: 35-44.
Horn, S., Hempel, S. Ristow, M., Rillig, M.C., Kowarik, I. Caruso, T. (2015): Plant community assembly at small scales: spatial versus environmental factors in a central European grassland. Acta Oecologica 63: 56-62.
Jäger, H. (2015). Biology and Impacts of Pacific Island Invasive Species. 11. Cinchona pubescens (Red Quinine Tree)(Rubiaceae) 1. Pacific Science, 69 (2): 133-153.
Rieger, I., Kowarik, I. & Cierjacks, A. (2015): Drivers of carbon sequestration by biomass compartment of riparian forests. Ecosphere, 6 (10): 1-6.
Borchard F., Buchholz S., Helbing F. & Fartmann T. (2014) Carabid beetles and spiders as bioindicators for the evaluation of montane heathland restoration on former spruce forests. Biological Conservation 178: 185–192.
Köppler, M.R., Kowarik, I., Kühn, N., von der Lippe, M. (2014): Enhancing wasteland vegetation by adding ornamentals: Opportunities and constraints for establishing steppe and prairie species on urban demolition sites. Landscape and Urban Planning 126: 1-9.
Rieger, I., Lang, F., Kowarik, I. & Cierjacks, A. (2014): The interplay of sedimentation and carbon accretion in riparian forests. Geomorphology 214: 157-167.
 Siewers J, Schirmel J & Buchholz S (2014) The efficiency of pitfall traps as a method of sampling epigeal arthropods in litter rich forest habitats. European Journal of Entomology 111: 69-74.
von Hoffen, L.P. & Säumel, I. (2014): Orchards for edible cities:Cadmium and lead content in nuts, berries, pome and stone fruits harvested within the inner city neighbourhoods in Berlin, Germany. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 101: 233-239.
Weber, F., Kowarik, I., Säumel, I. (2014): Herbaceous plants as filters: Immobilization of particulates along urban street corridors. Environmental Pollution 186: 234–240.
Weber, F., Kowarik, I., Säumel, I. (2014): A walk on the wild side: perceptions of roadside vegetation beyond trees. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 13, 205-212.
Buchholz, S., Hannig, K. & Schirmel, J. (2013): Losing uniqueness - shifts in carabid species composition during dry grassland and heathland succession. Animal Conservation 16: 661-670.
Buchholz, S., Rolfsmeyer, D. & Schirmel, J. (2013): Simulating small-scale climate change effects – lessons from a short-term field manipulation experiment on grassland arthropods. Insect Science 20: 662-670.
Buchholz, S. (2013): Spider records from East Macedonia and Thrace (NE Greece). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 45: 45-53.
Buchholz, S. & Schröder, M. (2013): Diversity and ecology of spider assemblages of a Mediterranean wetland complex. Journal of Arachnology 41: 364–373.
Cierjacks, A., Kowarik, I., Joshi, J., Hempel, S., Ristow, M., von der Lippe, M. & Weber, E. (2013): Biological flora of the British Isles: Robinia pseudoacacia. Journal of Ecology 101: 1623-1640.
Fischer, L.K., von der Lippe, M., Kowarik, I. (2013): Urban land use types contribute to grassland conservation. The example of Berlin. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 12: 263-272.
Fischer, L.K., von der Lippe, M., Kowarik, I. (2013). Urban grassland restoration: Which plant traits make desired species successful colonisers? Applied Vegetation Science 16: 272-285.
Fischer, L.K., von der Lippe, M., Rillig, M.C., Kowarik, I. (2013): Creating novel urban grasslands by reintroducing native species in wasteland vegetation. Biological Conservation 159: 119-126.
Gardener, M.R, Trueman, M., Buddenhagen, C., Heleno, R., Jäger, H., Atkinson, R., and Tye, A. (2013). A pragmatic approach to the management of plant invasions in Galapagos. In: Foxcroft, L.C., Pyšek, P., Richardson, D.M., and Genovesi, P. (eds.) Plant invasions in protected areas: patterns, problems and challenges. Invading Nature - Springer Series in Invasion Ecology, Dordrecht, Volume 7, pp 349-374.
Jäger, H., Alencastro, M.J., Kaupenjohann, M., Kowarik, I. (2013): Ecosystem changes in Galápagos highlands by the invasive tree Cinchona pubescens. Plant and Soil 371: 629-640.
Kleinschroth, F., Schöning, C., Kung'u, J., Kowarik, I. & Cierjacks, A. (2013): Regeneration of the East African timber tree Ocotea usambarensis in relation to historical logging. Forest Ecology and Management 291: 396-403.
Kowarik, I. (2013): Cities and wilderness: a new perspective. International Journal of Wilderness 19 (3): 32-36.
Kowarik, I., von der Lippe, M. & Cierjacks, A. (2013): Prevalence of alien versus native species of woody plants in Berlin differs between habitats and at different scales. Preslia 85: 113-132.
Lauterbach D., Römermann C., Jeltsch F., Ristow M: (2013) Factors driving plant rarity in dry grasslands on different spatial scales.  a functional trait approach. Biodiversity and Conservation 22: 2337-2352.
Rebele, F. (2013): Differential succession towards woodland along a nutrient gradient. Applied Vegetation Science 16: 365–378.
Rieger, I., Lang, F., Kleinschmit, B., Kowarik, I. & Cierjacks, A. (2013): Fine root and aboveground carbon stocks in riparian forests: the roles of diking and environmental gradients. Plant and Soil 370: 497-509.
Säumel, I., Kowarik, I., (2013): Propagule morphology and river characteristics shape secondary water dispersal in tree species. - Plant Ecology 214: 1257-1272.
Schirmel, J. & Buchholz, S. (2013): Invasive alien moss alters patterns both in life-history traits and functional diversity of ground-dwelling arthropods (Araneae and Carabidae). Biological Invasions 15: 1089-1100.
Trentanovi, G., von der Lippe, M., Sitzia, T., Ziechmann, U., Kowarik, I. & Cierjacks, A. (2013): Biotic homogenization at the community scale: disentangling the roles of urbanization and plant invasion. Diversity and Distributions 19: 738-748.
von der Lippe, M., Bullock, J.M.,  Kowarik, I.,  Knopp, T.,  Wichmann, M. (2013): Human-mediated dispersal of seeds by the airflow of vehicles. PLoS ONE 8(1): e52733. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052733
Abendroth, S., Kowarik, I., Müller, N., von der Lippe, M. (2012): The green colonial heritage: woody plants in parks of Bandung, Indonesia. Landscape and Urban Planning 106: 12-22.
Cierjacks, A., Behr, F. & Kowarik, I. (2012): Operational performance indicators for litter management at festivals in semi-natural landscapes. Ecological Indicators 13: 328-337.
Gemeinholzer B., May, F., Ristow, M., Batsch, C., Lauterbach D. (2012) Strong genetic differentiation on a fragmentation gradient in populations of the heterocarpic annual Catananche lutea L. (Compositae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 298: 1585-1596.
Heink, U., Bartz, R. & Kowarik, I. (2012): How useful are the concepts of familiarity, biological integrity and ecosystem health for evaluating damages by GM crops? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25: 3-17.
Hensen, I., Cierjacks, A., Hirsch, H., Kessler, M., Romoleroux, K., Renison, D. & Wesche, K. (2012): Historic and recent fragmentation coupled with altitude affect the genetic population structure of one of the world's highest tropical tree line species. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21: 455-464.
Hofmann, M., Westermann, J., Kowarik, I., van der Meer (2012): Perceptions of parks and urban wilderness by landscape planners and residents. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 11: 303-312.
Keßler, T., Cierjacks, A., Ernst, R. & Dziock, F. (2012): Direct and indirect effects of ski run management on alpine Orthoptera. Biodiversity and Conservation 21: 281-296.
Kowarik, I. & Pyšek, P. (2012): The first steps towards unifying concepts in invasion ecology were made one hundred years ago: revisiting the work of the Swiss botanist Albert Thellung. Diversity and Distributions 18: 1243–1252.
Lauterbach D., Burkart M., Gemeinholzer B. (2012) Rapid genetic differentiation between ex situ and their in situ source populations: an example of the endangered Silene otites (Caryophyllaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 168: 64-75.
Lauterbach D., Ristow M., Gemeinholzer B. (2012) Population genetics and fitness in fragmented populations of the dioecious and endangered Silene otites (Caryophyllaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 298: 155-164.
Liu, J., Chen, H., Kowarik, I., Zhang, Y., Wang, R. (2012): Plant invasions in China: an emerging hot topic in invasion science. NeoBiota 15: 27-51.
Säumel, I., Kotsyuka, I., Hölscher, M., Lenkereit, C., Weber, F., Kowarik, I. (2012). How healthy is urban horticulture in high traffic areas? Trace metal concentrations in vegetable crops from plantings within inner city neighbourhoods in Berlin, Germany. Environmental Pollution 165: 124-132.
Schirmel, J., Blindow, I. & Buchholz, S. (2012): Life-history trait and functional diversity patterns of ground beetles and spiders along a coastal heathland successional gradient. Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 606-614. DOI 10.1016/j.baae.2012.08.015
Sitzia, T., Campagnaro, T., Dainese, M. & Cierjacks, A. (2012): Plant species diversity in alien black locust stands: A paired comparison with native stands across a north-Mediterranean range expansion. Forest Ecology and Management 285: 85-91.
Suchenwirth, L., Förster, M., Cierjacks, A., Lang, F. & Kleinschmit B. (2012): Knowledge-based classification of remote sensing data for the estimation of below- and above-ground organic carbon stocks in riparian forests. Wetlands Ecology and Management 20: 151-163.
von der Lippe, M. & Kowarik, I. (2012): Interactions between propagule pressure and seed traits shape human-mediated seed dispersal along roads. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 14: 123–130. 
Buchholz, S., Kreuels, M., Kronshage, A., Terlutter, H. & Finch, O.-D. (2011): Bycatches of ecological field studies – bothersome or valuable? Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2: 99–102.
Cierjacks, A., Kleinschmit, B., Kowarik, I., Graf, M. & Lang, F. (2011): Organic matter distribution in floodplains can be predicted using spatial and vegetation structure data. River Research and Applications 27: 1048-1057.
Ernst, R., Massemin, D. & Kowarik, I. (2011): Non-invasive invaders from the Caribbean: The status of Johnstone's Whistling frog (Eleutherodactylus johnstonei) ten years after its introduction to Western French Guiana. Biological Invasions 13: 1767-1777.
Jürgens, A., Seitz, B. & Kowarik, I. (2011): Genetic differentiation of three rare roses in northeastern Germany: Rosa inodora Fries, R. Sherardii Davis and R. subcollina (H. Christ) Keller. Plant Biology 13: 524-533.
Kowarik, I & von der Lippe, M. (2011): Secondary wind dispersal enhances long-distance dispersal of an invasive species in urban road corridors. Neobiota 9: 49-70.
Kowarik, I., Fischer, L.K., Säumel, I., von der Lippe, M., Weber, F., Westermann, J.R. (2011): Plants in urban settings: from patterns to mechanisms and ecosystem services. In: Endlicher, W. et al. (Eds.): Perspectives of Urban Ecology. Ecosystems and Interactions between Humans and Nature in the Metropolis of Berlin. Springer, pp. 135-166.
Kowarik, I. (2011): Novel urban ecosystems, biodiversity and conservation. Enviromental Pollution 159: 1974-1983.
Kühn, I., Kowarik, I., Kollmann, J., Starfinger, U., Bacher, S., Blackburn, T.M., Bustamante, R.O., Celesti-Grapow, L., Chytrý, M., Colautti, R.I., Essl, F., Foxcroft, L.C., García-Berthou, E., Gollasch, S., Hierro, J., Hufbauer, R.A., Hulme, P.E., Jarošík, V., Jeschke, J.M., Karrer, G., Mack, R.N., Molofsky, J., Murray, B.R., Nentwig, W., Osborne, B., Pyšek, P., Rabitsch, W., Rejmánek, M., Roques, A., Shaw, R., Sol, D., Kleunen, M.V., Vilà, M., Lippe, M.V.D., Wolfe, L.M. & Penev, L. (2011): Open minded and open access: Introducing neobiota, a new peer-reviewed journal of biological invasions. NeoBiota, 9: 1-12.
Lauterbach D., Ristow M., Gemeinholzer B. (2011) Genetic population structure, fitness variation and the importance of population history in remnant populations of the endangered plant Silene chlorantha (WILLD.) EHRH. (Caryophyllaceae). Plant Biology 13: 667-777.
Rebele, F., Lehmann, C. (2011): Phytoextraction of Cadmium and phytostabilisation with Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris). Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 216: 93-103.
Säumel, I., Ziche, D., Yu, R., Kowarik, I., Overdieck, D. (2011): Grazing as driver for Populus euphratica woodland degradation in the semi-arid Aibi Hu Region, northwestern China. Journal of Arid Environments 75: 265-269.   
Schirmel, J. & Buchholz, S. (2011): Response of carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and spiders (Araneae) to coastal heathland succession. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 1469-1482.
Schirmel, J., Timler, L. & Buchholz, S. (2011): Impact of invasion by the exotic moss Campylopus introflexus on carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and spiders (Araneae) in acidic coastal dunes at the southern Baltic Sea. Biological Invasions 13: 605-620.
Schröder, M., Chatzaki, M. & Buchholz, S. (2011): The spider fauna of the Aladjagiola wetland complex (Nestos Delta, NE Greece) - a reflection of a unique zoogeographical transition zone in Europe. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 102(1): 217–233.
Simberloff, D. et al. (2011): Non-natives: 141 scientists object. Nature 475: 36
Westermann, J., von der Lippe, M. & Kowarik, I. (2011): Seed traits, landscape and environmental parameters as predictors of species occurrence in fragmented urban railway habitats. Basic and Applied Ecology 12: 29-37.     
Bartz, R., Heink, U. & Kowarik, I. (2010): Proposed definition of environmental damage illustrated by the cases of genetically modified crops and invasive species. Conservation Biology 24 (3): 675-681.
Cierjacks, A., Kleinschmit, B., Babinsky, M., Kleinschroth, F., Markert, A., Menzel, M., Ziechmann, U., Schiller, T., Graf, M. & Lang, F. (2010): Carbon stocks of soil and vegetation on Danubian floodplains. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 173: 644-653.
Heink, U. & Kowarik, I. (2010): What criteria should be used to select biodiversity indicators? Biodiversity and Conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 3769-3797.
Heink, U. & Kowarik, I. (2010): What are indicators? On the definition of indicators in ecology and environmental planning. Ecological Indicators 10: 584-593.
Jäger, H. & Kowarik, I. (2010): Resilience of a native plant community following manual control of the invasive Cinchona pubescens in Galápagos. Restoration Ecology 18, S1: 103-112.
Lang, F., von der Lippe, M., Schimpel, S., Scozzafava-Jaeger, T. & Straub, W. (2010): Topsoil morphology indicates bio-effective redox conditions in Venice salt marshes. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 87: 11-20.  
Säumel, I., Kowarik, I. & ., Butenschön, S. (2010): Green traces from past to future: the interplay of culture and ecological processes in European historical parks. Acta Horticulturae  881: 933-938
Säumel, I. & Kowarik, I. (2010): Urban rivers as dispersal corridors for primarily wind-dispersed invasive tree species. Landscape and Urban Planning 94: 244-249.  
Fischer, L.K., von der Lippe, M. & Kowarik, I. (2009): Tree invasion in managed tropical forests facilitates endemic species. Journal of Biogeography 36: 2251-2263.
Heink, U. (2009): Representativeness - An Appropriate Criterion for Evaluation in Nature Conservation? GAIA - Ecological perspectives for Science and Society 18: 322-330.
Jäger, H., Kowarik, I. & Tye, A. (2009): Destruction without extinction: Long-term impacts of an invasive tree on Galápagos highland vegetation. Journal of Ecology 97: 1252-1263.
Kowarik, I. & Starfinger, U. (2009): Neobiota: a European approach. Neobiota 8: 21-28.
Lemke, A., von der Lippe, M. & Kowarik, I. (2009): New opportunities for an old method: using fluorescent colours to measure seed dispersal. Journal of Applied Ecology 46: 1122-1128.
Seltmann, P., Cocucci, A., Renison, D., Cierjacks, A. & Hensen, I. (2009): Mating system, outcrossing distance effects and pollen availability in the wind-pollinated treeline species Polylepis australis BITT. (Rosaceae). Basic and Applied Ecology 10: 52-60.  
Cierjacks, A., Rühr, N.K., Wesche, K. & Hensen, I. (2008): Effects of altitude and livestock on the regeneration of two tree line forming Polylepis species in Ecuador. Plant Ecology 194: 207-221.
Cierjacks, A., Salgado, S., Wesche, K. & Hensen, I. (2008): Post-Fire population dynamics of two tree species in high-altitude Polylepis forests of Central Ecuador. Biotropica 40: 176-182.
Kowarik, I. & Säumel, I. (2008): Water dispersal as an additional pathway to invasions by the primarily wind-dispersed tree Ailanthus altissima. Plant Ecology 198: 241-252On the role of alien species in urban flora and vegetation. In: Marzluff, J. et al. (eds.): Urban ecology. An international perspective on the interaction between humans and nature. Springer, New York, pp.321-338.
Kowarik, I. (2008): On the role of alien species in urban flora and vegetation. In: Marzluff, J. et al. (eds.): Urban ecology. An international perspective on the interaction between humans and nature. Springer, New York, pp.321-338.
Rebele, F. (2008): Vegetation development on deposit soils starting at different seasons. Plant Ecology 195: 1-12.
Seitz B., Kätzel, R., Kowarik, I. & Schulz, P.M. (2008): Method for identifying and recording harvest stands of regional provenances of indigenous shrub species. Allgemeine Forst- und Jagdzeitung 179: 70-76.
Sukopp, H. (2008): On the Early History of Urban Ecology in Europe. In: Marzluff, J. et al. (eds.): Urban ecology. An international perspective on the interaction between humans and nature. Springer, New York, pp. 79-97.
von der Lippe, M. & Kowarik, I. (2008): Do cities export biodiversity? Traffic as dispersal vector across urban-rural gradients. Diversity and Distributions 14: 8-25.
Wesche, K., Cierjacks, A., Assefa, Y., Wagner, S., Fetene, M.,  & Hensen, I. (2008): Recruitment of trees at tropical alpine treelines: Erica in Africa versus Polylepis in South America. Plant Ecology & Diversity 1: 35-46.
Westermann, J., Zerbe, S. & Eckstein, D. (2008): Age structure and growth of degraded Populus euphratica floodplain forests in NW China and perspectives for their recovery. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 50: 536-546.

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Brande, A. (2007): The first pollen diagram from the Hoher Fläming, Brandenburg (Germany). Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 16: 71 - 181.
Cierjacks, A., Wesche, K. & Hensen, I. (2007): Potential lateral expansion of Polylepis forest fragments in central Ecuador. Forest Ecology and Management 242: 477-486. 
Cierjacks, A., Iglesias, J.E., Wesche, K. & Hensen, I. (2007): Impact of sowing, canopy cover and litter on seedling dynamics of two Polylepis species at upper tree lines in central Ecuador. Journal of Tropical Ecology 23: 309-318.
Fritsche, M., Langner, M., Köhler, H., Ruckes, A., Schüler, D., Zakirova, B., Appel, K., Contardo, V., Diermayer, E., Hofmann, M., Kulemeyer, C., Meffert, P. & Westermann, J. (2007): Shrinking cities - a new challenge for research in urban ecology. In: Langner, M. & Endlicher, W. (eds.). Shrinking Cities: Effects on Urban Ecology and Challenges for Urban Development. Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt, pp. 17-33.
Jäger, H., Tye, A. & Kowarik, I. (2007): Tree invasion in naturally treeless environments: Impacts of quinine (Cinchona pubescens) trees on native vegetation in Galápagos. Biological Conservation 140: 297-307.
Jürgens, A., Seitz, B. & Kowarik, I. (2007): Genetic differentiation of Rosa canina (L.) at regional and continental scales. Plant Systematics and Evolution 269: 39-53.
Kowarik, I. & Säumel, I. (2007): Biological flora of Central Europe: Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 8: 207-237. 
Kowarik, I. & von der Lippe, M. (2007): Pathways in plant invasions. In: Nentwig, W. (ed.): Biological Invasions. Ecological Studies, Vol. 193. Springer, Berlin, New York, pp. 29-47.
Säumel, I. & Kowarik, I. (2007): Closing the gap! How local actors respond to climate change processes in urban landscapes. Landschaftsentwicklung und Umweltforschung 20: 533-536.
von der Lippe, M. & Kowarik, I. (2007): Crop seed spillage along roads: a factor of uncertainty in the containment of GMO. Ecography 30: 483-490.
von der Lippe, M. & Kowarik, I. (2007): Long-distance dispersal by vehicles as driver in plant invasions. Conservation Biology 21: 986-996.

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Kowarik, I. & Wohlgemuth J.O. (2006): Tulipa sylvestris (Liliaceae) in northwestern Germany: a non-indigenous species as an indicator of previous horticulture. Polish Botanical Studies 22: 317-331.
Sukopp, H. (2006): Apophytes in the flora of Central Europe. Polish Botanical Studies 22: 473-486.
Kowarik, I. (2005): Urban ornamentals escaped from cultivation. In: Gressel J. (ed.): Crop Ferality and Volunteerism. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 97-121
Kowarik, I. (2005): Wild urban woodlands: Towards a conceptual framework. In: Kowarik I. & Körner S. (eds.): Wild Urban Woodlands. New perspectives for Urban Forestry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 1-32. 
Kowarik, I. & Langer, A. (2005): Natur-Park Südgelände: Linking Conservation and Recreation in an Abandoned Railyard in Berlin. In: Kowarik, I. & Körner, S. (eds.): Wild Urban Woodlands. New perspectives for Urban Forestry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 287-299.
Lehmann, C., Rebele, F. (2005): Phenotypic plasticity in Calamagrostis epigejos (Poaceae): Response capacities of genotypes from different populations of contrasting habitats to a range of soil fertility. Acta Oecologica 28: 127-140.
von der Lippe M., Säumel I. & Kowarik I. (2005): Cities as drivers of biological invasions. The role of climate changes and traffic. Die Erde 136: 123-143.

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Alaily, F. & Brande, A. (2004): Soil association in the surroundings of oligotrophic mires in the Berlin region. International Peat Journal 12: 21-31.
Cierjacks, A. & Hensen, I. (2004): Variation of stand structure and regeneration of mediterranean holm oak along a grazing intensity gradient. Plant Ecology 173: 215-223.
Kowarik, I. & Guendling, L. (2004): Invasive non-native species in Germany: biological, legal and institutional dimensions. In: Miller, M.L. & Fabian, R.N. (eds.): Harmful invasive species. Legal responses. Enviromental Law Institute, Washington, pp. 89-108.
Lehmann, C. & Rebele, F. (2004): Assessing  the potential for cadmium phytoremediation with Calamagrostis epigejos: a pot experiment. International Journal of Phytoremediation 6: 169-183
Lehmann, C. & Rebele, F. (2004): Evaluation of heavy metal tolerance in Calamagrostis epigejosElymus repens revealed copper tolerance in a copper smelter population of  C. epigejos. Environmental and Experimental Botany 51: 199-213.
Sukopp, H. (2004): Human-caused impact on preserved vegetation. Landscape and Urban Planning 68: 347-355.
Brande, A. (2003): Late Pleistocene and Holocene pollen stratigraphy of Lake Stechlin. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Spec. Issues: Adavances in Limnology 58: 281 - 311.
Kowarik, I. (2003): Human agency in biological invasions: secondary releases foster naturalization and population expansion of alien plant species. Biological Invasions 5: 293-312.
Starfinger, U., Kowarik, I., Rode, M. & Schepker, H. (2003): From desirable ornamental plant to pest to accepted addition to the flora? The perception of an alien plant species, Prunus serotina, through the centuries. Biological Invasions 5: 323-335.
Sukopp, H. (2003): Flora and vegetation reflecting the urban history of Berlin. Die Erde 134: 295-316.
Sukopp, H. & Wurzel, A. (2003): The effects of climate change on the vegetation of Central European cities. Urban Habitats 1: 66-86.
Schulte, W. & Sukopp, H. (2003): Biotope mapping in cities, towns and villages - a national program in Germany. Acta Ecologica Sinica 23: 588-597
Zerbe, S., Maurer, U., Schmitz, S. & Sukopp, H. (2003): Biodiversity in Berlin and its potential for nature conservation. Landscape and Urban Planning 62: 139-148. www.planen-bauen-umwelt.tu-berlin.de/institut_fuer_oekologie/fachgebiet_oekosystemkunde_insbesondere_pflanzenoekologie/menue/team/herbert_sukopp/
Zerbe, S. & Brande, A. (2003): Woodland degradation and regeneration in Central Europe during the last 1000 years, a case study in NE Germany. Phytocoenologia 33: 683-700.
Alaily, F. & Brande, A. (2002): Bodenentwicklung am Rande oligotropher Moore im Raum Berlin. Journal of Plant Nurtrition and Soil Science 165: 305-312.
Kim, Y.-M., Zerbe, S. & Kowarik, I. (2002): Human impact on flora and habitats in Korean rural settlements. Preslia 74: 409-419.
Lehmann, C. & Rebele, F. (2002): Successful management of Calamagrostis epigejos (L.) Roth on a sandy landfill site. Journal of Applied Botany 76: 77-81.
Rebele, F. & Lehmann, C. (2002): Restoration of a landfill site by spontaneous and directed succession, Berlin, Germany. Restoration Ecology 10: 340-347.
Sukopp, H. (2002): On the early history of urban ecology in Europe. Preslia 74: 373-393.

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Rebele, F. & Lehmann, C. (2001): Biological flora of Central Europe: Calamagrostis epigejos (L.) Roth. Flora 196: 325-344.
Rebele, F. (2001): Management impacts on vegetation dynamics of hyper-eutrophicated fields at Berlin, Germany. Applied Vegetation Science 4: 147-156.

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Sukopp, H. & Starfinger, U. (1999): Disturbance in urban ecosystems. In: Walker, L.R. (ed.): Ecosystems of disturbed ground. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 397-412.
Sukopp, H. & Wurzel, A. (1999): Changing climate and the effects on flora and vegetation in Central European Cities. - In: Klötzli, F. & Walther, G.-R. (eds.): Recent shifts in vegetation boundaries of deciduous forests, especially due to general global warming. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp. 91-120.
Schepker, H. & Kowarik, I. (1998): Invasive North American Blueberry Hybrids (Vaccinium corymbosum x angustifolium) in northern Germany. In: Starfinger, U., Edwards, K., Kowarik, I. & Williamson, M. (eds.): Plant invasions. Ecology and human response. Backhuys, Leiden, pp. 253-260.
Bornkamm, R., Darius, F. & Prasse, R. (1998): Element contents of perennial plant species in the sand desert near Nizzana (Israel). Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 161: 189-195.
Haslam, S.M., Klötzli, F., Sukopp, H. & SzczepanskiI, A. (1998): The management of wetlands. In: Westlake, D.F., Kvet, J. & Szczepanski, A. (eds.): The production ecology of wetlands. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 405-464.
Kowarik, I. & Schepker, H. (1998): Plant invasions in northern Germany: human perception and response. In: Starfinger, U., Edwards, K., Kowarik, I. & Williamson, M. (eds.): Plant invasions. Ecology and human response. Backhuys, Leiden, pp. 109-120.
Lehmann, C., Rebele, F. & Starfinger, U. (1998): Plant population ecology. In: Esser, K., Kadereit, J.W., Lüttge, U. & Runge, M. (eds): Progress in Botany, Vol. 60. Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 502-526.
Sukopp, H. (1998): On the study of anthropogenic plant migration in Central Europe. In: Starfinger, U., Edwards, K., Kowarik, I. & Williamson, M. (eds.): Plant Invasions: Ecological Mechanisms and Human Responses. Backhuys, Leiden, pp. 43-56.
Sukopp, H. (1998): Urban Ecology - Scientific and Practical Aspects. In: Breuste, J., Feldmann, H. & Uhlmann, O. (eds.): Urban Ecology. Springer, Berlin, pp. 3-16.
Rebele, F. & Lehmann, C. (2001): Biological flora of Central Europe: Calamagrostis epigejos (L.) Roth. Flora 196: 325-344.
Rebele, F. (2001): Management impacts on vegetation dynamics of hyper-eutrophicated fields at Berlin, Germany. Applied Vegetation Science 4: 147-156.
Behre, K.-E., Brande, A., Küster, H. & Rösch, M. (1996): Germany. In Berglund, B.E., Birks, H.J.B., Ralska-Jasiewiczowa, M. & Wright, H.E. (eds.): Palaeoecological events during the last 15 000 years: regional syntheses of palaeoecological studies of lakes and mires in Europe. Wiley & Sons, Chichester, pp. 507-551.

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Kowarik, I. (1995): Clonal growth in Ailanthus altissima on a natural site in West Virginia. Journal of Vegetation Science 6: 853-856.
Kowarik, I. (1995): Time lags in biological invasions with regard to the success and failure of alien species. In: Pysek, P., Prach, K., Rejmánek, M. & Wade, P.M. (eds.): Plant invasions - general aspects and special problems. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam, pp. 15-38.
Kowarik, I. (1995): On the role of alien species in urban flora and vegetation. In: Pysek, P., Prach, K., Rejmànek, M. & Wade, P.M. (eds.): Plant invasions - general aspects and special problems. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam, pp. 85-103.
Rebele, F. (1994): Urban ecology and special features of urban ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 4: 173-187.
1993 and earlier
Kowarik, I. (1990): Some responses of flora and vegetation to urbanization in Central Europe. In: Sukopp, H., Hejny, S. & Kowarik, I. (eds.): Plants and plant communities in the urban environment. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, pp. 45-74.
Rebele, F. (1992): Colonization and early succession on anthropogenic soils. Journal of Vegetation Science 3: 201-208.
Rebele, F., Surma, A., Kuznik, Ch., Bornkamm, R. & Brej, T. (1993): Heavy metal contamination of spontaneous vegetation and soil around the copper smelter "Legnica". Acta Soc. Bot. Poloniae 62: 53-57.


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